3.3 Transient Structures and Imaging with X-rays
Project coordinator(s): M. Wörner, B. Pfau

Project Goals

The main scientific goal of the project is to gain a deeper understanding of the

dynamics of the structure – function relation

of a variety of materials being highly relevant for future applications. Thanks to the short X-ray wavelength, the experimental methods of project 3.3 represent the most direct way to study

structural dynamics of the lattice, the electron and the spin system

with ultra-high spatial and temporal resolution on the

relevant length (micrometer to Ångström)
and time scales (nanosecond to femtosecond).

The project focuses on X-ray diffraction, X-ray imaging, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy using short and ultrashort X-ray pulses in the XUV, soft and hard X-ray range. On one hand, these X-ray pulses are generated by laser-driven laboratory sources (high-harmonic generation (HHG) and plasma sources) with partly unique performance parameters. On the other hand, experiments are carried out at large-scale facilities such as synchrotron radiation sources and free-electron lasers (FEL).

Project Structure




Key Publications

C3-P-2016.06 M. Holtz, C. Hauf, A. Hernández, R. Costard, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser
Shift-current-induced strain waves in LiNbO3 mapped by femtosecond x-ray diffraction
Physical Review B 94 (2016) 104302/1-7
URL, DOI or PDF-File
B1-P-2016.06 I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, B. Kanngießer
Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory
Applied Physics Letters 108 (2016) 201106 /1-4
URL, DOI or PDF-File
B4-P-2016.01 P. Hessing, B. Pfau, E. Guehrs, M. Schneider, L. Shemilt, J. Geilhufe, S. Eisebitt
Holography-guided ptychography with soft X-rays
Opt. Express 24 (2016) 1840-1851
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.09 J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser
Theoretical analysis of hard x-ray generation by nonperturbative interaction of ultrashort light pulses with a metal
Structural Dynamics 2 (2015) 024102/1-19
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.01 M. Woerner, M. Holtz, V. Juvé, T. Elsaesser, A. Borgschulte
Femtosecond x-ray diffraction maps field-driven charge dynamics in ionic crystals
Faraday Discussions 171 (2014) 373-392
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.08 J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S.A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška
High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses
Nature Photonics 8 (2014) 927-930
URL, DOI or PDF-File

Link to all project related publications