3.3 Transient Structures and Imaging with X-rays
Project coordinator(s): M. Wörner, B. Pfau

Project Goals

The main scientific goal of the project is to gain a deeper understanding of the

dynamics of the structure – function relation

of a variety of materials being highly relevant for future applications. Thanks to the short X-ray wavelength, the experimental methods of project 3.3 represent the most direct way to study

structural dynamics of the lattice, the electron and the spin system

with ultra-high spatial and temporal resolution on the

relevant length (micrometer to Ångström)
and time scales (nanosecond to femtosecond).

The project focuses on X-ray diffraction, X-ray imaging, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy using short and ultrashort X-ray pulses in the XUV, soft and hard X-ray range. On one hand, these X-ray pulses are generated by laser-driven laboratory sources (high-harmonic generation (HHG) and plasma sources) with partly unique performance parameters. On the other hand, experiments are carried out at large-scale facilities such as synchrotron radiation sources and free-electron lasers (FEL).

Project Structure




Key Publications

B4-P-2016.18 F. Willems, C. von Korff Schmising, D. Weder, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, B. Pfau, S. Meise, E. Guehrs, J. Geilhufe, A. El Din Merhe, E. Jal, B. Vodungbo, J. Lüning, B. Mahieu, F. Capotondi, E. Pedersoli, D. Gauthier, M. Manfredda, S. Eisebitt
Multi-color imaging of magnetic Co/Pt heterostructures
Structural Dynamics 4 (2017) 014301/1-13
URL, DOI or PDF-File
B4-P-2017.08 F. Büttner, I. Lemesh, M. Schneider, B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, P. Hessing, J. Geilhufe, L. Caretta, D. Engel, B. Krüger, J. Viefhaus, S. Eisebitt, G. S. D. Beach
Field-free deterministic ultrafast creation of magnetic skyrmions by spin-orbit torques
Nature Nanotechnology 12 (2017) 1040-1044
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2016.06 M. Holtz, C. Hauf, A. Hernández, R. Costard, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser
Shift-current-induced strain waves in LiNbO3 mapped by femtosecond x-ray diffraction
Physical Review B 94 (2016) 104302/1-7
URL, DOI or PDF-File
B1-P-2016.06 I. Mantouvalou, K. Witte, W. Martyanov, A. Jonas, D. Grötzsch, C. Streeck, H. Löchel, I. Rudolph, A. Erko, H. Stiel, B. Kanngießer
Single shot near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in the laboratory
Applied Physics Letters 108 (2016) 201106 /1-4
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.09 J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser
Theoretical analysis of hard x-ray generation by nonperturbative interaction of ultrashort light pulses with a metal
Structural Dynamics 2 (2015) 024102/1-19
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.01 M. Woerner, M. Holtz, V. Juvé, T. Elsaesser, A. Borgschulte
Femtosecond x-ray diffraction maps field-driven charge dynamics in ionic crystals
Faraday Discussions 171 (2014) 373-392
URL, DOI or PDF-File
C3-P-2014.08 J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S.A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška
High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses
Nature Photonics 8 (2014) 927-930
URL, DOI or PDF-File

Link to all project related publications